採訪/陳漢 編輯/周平 後製/舒燦
Merkel Talks Human Rights and Industrial Espionage in Beijing
On July 7, Chinese Premier Li Keqiang welcomed German
Chancellor Angela Merkel in the Great Hall, Beijing.
On her visit, Merkel brought with her trade talks,
several multimillion dollar business deals, and human rights.
At the same time, Merkel criticized industrial espionage as the
Communist regime has been considered a global center
for economic espionage by Germany and other governments.
What is the role of the regime in human rights
and industrial spying?
The following is our report.
In the press conference co-chaired by Merkel and Li Keqiang,
Merkel mentioned that success in economic cooperation
relies on dialogue on human rights and national rule of law.
Li Keqiang responded that the rule of law is
a heavy responsibility and a struggle in a country of 1.3 billion
still facing problems of poverty and regional development.
Li agreed to conduct human rights dialogue under the premise
of mutual respect.
He also said that China will address human rights
while conducting economic reform.
Deutsche Presse-Agentur reported Chinese artist Ai Weiwei
is being prohibited from attending his art exhibition currently
on display in Berlin.
Gao Yu, a Chinese reporter contributing to Deutsche Welle
and other foreign media, has been detained to this day
accused by the regime of providing “state secrets"
to an overseas news organization.
It is also reported that Merkel had included Gao’s son
Zhao Ming in her wish-list of meetings during negotiations
ahead of her trip, but Zhao Ming was told by the police
to reject the invitation.
Zhang Jian, China social issues researcher: “The German
Chancellor has set up a very good example.
It’s amazing that she made such a request during her trip
to China with a large delegation of business and trade signing."
Zhang Jian believes that Merkel has delivered
to the Communist leadership the universal value
of “natural rights overriding economic interest".
Zhang Jian: “Merkel has in fact sent a very strong message
to Xi Jinping and Zhang Dejiang that, among business,
human rights and democracy, natural rights are above all."
Merkel did not single out China in her comments, which came
during a news conference with Chinese Premier Li Keqiang,
saying that Germany is against industrial espionage no matter
where it comes from, reported the Associated Press.
However, Chinese intelligence agencies and the military have
targeted medium-sized German companies.
Over the weekend, Germany’s domestic intelligence chief,
Hans-Georg Maassen, told the newspaper Welt am Sonntag,
“They are up against a far too powerful enemy,"
“The Chinese technical intelligence agency alone
has more than 100,000 employees."
Zhang Jian: “Her remarks came prepared.
As a Premier, her talks must be endorsed with evidence.
She has to have proof should it be questioned.
She is also making it clear to the world that any development
based on robbing others is bound to be boycotted
by other countries.
It is also a lesson from her to the Western leaders:
human rights must not be sacrificed in the name
of economic advantage.
Then, there will be peace and stability in the world."
AP reported, “Chinese enterprises and Chinese-born employees
of companies abroad have been implicated in a growing number
of attempts to steal technology and other commercial secrets.
Security researchers say Beijing tolerates such theft
and in some cases actively encourages it.
The United States and other governments complain China’s
military, a leader in cyber warfare, steals foreign trade secrets
to help the country’s vast state-owned industrial sector."
This May, U.S. Justice Department indicted five Chinese
military hackers for computer hacking, and economic espionage.
Earlier this year, U.S. officials have alleged mass industrial
and military espionage to obtain sensitive information
or intellectual property by the Chinese military and hackers.
According to cyber security company, Mandiant,
behind these attacks was the Beijing government
and the People’s Liberation Army.
Interview/ChenHan Edit/ZhouPing Post-Production/ShuChan