Xi Jinping ‘s Dream of Constitutionalism Flickers in Party Media.
The Chinese Communist Party (CCP) leader Xi Jinping ‘s “dream of
constitutionalism" has been a hot topic among Chinese netizens.
The phrase is mentioned by party mouthpieces again and again.
This is regarded by political observers as a result of clashes from
the CCP’s internal struggle.
Experts said, Xi ‘s “rule in accord with constitution " is only to
underline the CCP ‘s “ruling role" according to its constitution.
If Xi really intends to serve for the people, he will be repelled by
the whole CCP regime just as Liu Shaoqi was.
On Sep. 5, Xi Jinping again laid stress on “rule in accord with
constitution" in his speech at the 60th anniversary meeting of
the People ‘s Congress. The same day, the transcript of Xi ‘s
speech published by Xinhua also included that key phrase.
On the other hand, it was not mentioned in Xinhua ‘s news
release or People ‘s Daily headline news about the meeting.
Qian Gang is director of China Media Project Journalism and
Media Studies Centre of Hong Kong University.
Qian recently researched how frequently Xi ‘s “constitutionalism"
comments appeared in reports of party mouthpieces.
In December 2012, Xi for the first time presented the idea saying
“Rule of the law is based on rule in accord with constitution."
Following that, 6 People ‘s Daily articles quoted Xi ‘s words.
However, Xi ‘s comment was cooled down and disappeared
from People ‘s Daily from January 2013.
Southern Weekly ‘s New Year message “Dream of China is the
dream of constitutionalism" was also forcibly removed.
After that, Xi ‘s “rule in accord with constitution" flickered in
media reports as the political situation changed.
After being used 3 times in late 2013 and early 2014, the word
had completely disappeared.
By tracking People ‘s Daily reports, one can find that the phrase
“rule in accord with constitution" disappeared for 9 months from
December 2013 and August 2014. “Governance in accord with
constitution" was gone for 6 months from March to August 2014.
There are comments from constitutional scholars that Xi ‘s words
refer to what is written in the preface of the CCP ‘s constitution;
“The CCP is the core of leadership for the cause of socialism
with Chinese characteristics."
The CCP said this sentence “defines the CCP ‘s ruling role"
Huang Jinqiu, director of Asian Newsweek: “the CCP ‘s current
constitution is not real as it says the CCP should lead everything.
Think about it, any constitution saying one party is above any
other party or state departments cannot be legitimate.
Any real constitution must require all parties to compete
in a fair manner."
Wang Sixiang, Chinese historical scholar, “many of the CCP ‘s
words are self-contradicting.
Even party leaders don ‘t believe in what they say.
They just say it and that ‘s it.
It is possible that what leaders say is intentionally removed
by propaganda officers, but those are only rare cases.
The CCP has internal struggles, but they always unite to crack
down on ordinary people to protect their common interests.
We should not have any illusive hope toward the CCP."
Qian Gang said there are many in Chinese society who hold
goodwill and expect political reform.
They try to find some hope from new slogans of the party,
but usually ignore that there is nothing new behind them.
In Xi ‘s speech on Sep. 5, he also mentioned, “defend social
fairness and justice";
“Respect and protection of human rights”; and “legalization
of state work".
However, Xinhua and People ‘s Daily also ignored those
words in their reports.
In 2014, Xi had had to show his attitude of “fighting corruption
with his life" in the local newspaper.
Chen Yongmiao, Beijing constitutional scholar, “if Xi wants to do
something with his conscience, he will be repelled by the regime."
The Epoch Time ‘s Nine Commentaries on the Communist Party
said:"Many party leaders ended their political life in tragedy,
yet the CCP has survived";
“The CCP leaders who survived their positions were not those
who could influence the Party, but those who could comprehend
the Party ‘s evil intentions and follow them";
“They strengthened the CCP ‘s ability to survive while in crisis,
and gave themselves entirely to the Party."
Xi himself had also suffered from the CCP ‘s persecution. He was
detained many times during the Cultural Revolution at 15.
Huang Jinqiu commented that, If Xi really wants to make some
achievements, he should use his role to end the CCP ‘s rule and
push China to real democracy and constitutuionalism.
Interview & Edit/LiuHui Post-Production/Chen Jianming