据了解，钓鱼岛诸岛共由5个小岛组成。 1932年，日本政府将其中4岛卖给私人，现在的岛主是栗原家族。 《BBC》中文网报导，继日本东京都今年4月宣布为保护领土而准备购买这4个岛屿之后，日本政府也开始与岛主联系，商谈购买事宜，因而引发中方抗议。
采访/常春 编辑/李谦 后制/朱娣
Disputes in South China sea will help secure Hu Jintao’s
position as military Head, according to Hong Kong media.
In recent years, the CCP frequently conflicted with Japan,
Vietnam and Philippines on sovereignty over sea areas.
The situation had once been tense with the CCP and its
neighbouring countries, at daggers drawn.
On the other hand, the power struggle inside the CCP
also becomes increasingly fierce.
There have been rumors mentioning Hu Jintao will stay on
as Chairman of the Central Military Commission for another two years, after the 18th National Congress.
Recent reports from Hong Kong media believe that,
the tensions between China and neighbouring countries, has
provided excuses for Hu to stay longer as the military head.
According to HK Ming Pao, as the tension over the South
China Sea and Diao Yu (Uotsuri Jima) Islands increased,
there was a decent chance some military clashes
would break out;
this has placed even more pressure upon CCP’s
Central Military Commission (CMC).
Ming Pao believes, such situations have provided Hu Jintao
great reason for staying on as Chairman of the CMC,
once retired from post of CCP general secretary
and president of China.
Hu Ping, Chief Editor of Beijing Spring magazine, told NTD that,
the CCP was only bluffing by making small conflicts,
while it wouldn’t really initiate war; therefore the tension
had little to do with Hu’s stay as Chairman of the CMC.
However, if clashes really break out, Hu’s control over the army
as the military head would be significantly strengthened.
(Hu Ping): “Of course it makes you look more like a real
military head if there’s a chance to command the army.
If the CCP’s army makes significant moves in the South
China Sea, it will benefit Hu Jintao and his faction.”
When former Chongqing CCP secretary Bo Xilai was
dismissed this April,
the involved Defense Minister Liang Guanglie
made a visit to the southern part of China.
During his trip, Liang emphasized the importance of
frontier and coast defense,
calling upon the soldiers to “play the role of vanguards”
in accomplishing missions.
In the same month, the conflict in the South China Sea
On April 8th, the Philippine Navy stopped and inspected
Chinese fishing boats at Huangyan Island (Scarborough Shoal).
On April 10th, China sent marine surveillance ships to the
disputed sea area, which initiated the confrontation between China and Philippines.
An Epoch Times weeklyarticle remarked,
Liang Guanglie had attempted to protect Zhou Yongkang,
even Bo Xilai in the name of “Unite inside the party to counter
foreign forces” as the Huangyan Island crisis broke out.
However, after a warning by Hu Jintao,
Liang changed his attitude,
claiming “the army’s move should be subject to
diplomatic needs of the country”.
In late June, a once-ally of the CCP Vietnam,
claimed Xisha (Paracels) and Nansha (Spratlys) were under its sovereignty.
Meanwhile, China announced that a new prefecture-level
city of Sansha was established to administer the Xisha,
Nansha and Zhongsha Islands (Macclesfield Bank).
This news since induced a chain of anti-China
demonstrations in Vietnam.
(Hu Ping): I think the CCP is in a difficult situation in the
disputes over the South China Sea,
the nine-dotted line CCP claimed to have demarcated in
such areas, was not acknowledged by the global society.”
Hu Ping remarked, although the CCP knew clearly
about it, it was not willing to negotiate with other countries;
therefore it evaded the sovereignty problem by vague
statements such as “pursuing joint development” or “setting aside disputes”.
In addition, the long-term territorial dispute over Diao Yu
Islands between China and Japan, had recently escalated.
(Hu Ping): “Of Course Japan’s military power is much
stronger than the countries’ in the South China Sea.
The CCP hence found itself trapped in several trouble spots
at the same time.
I believe that the CCP is only making oral disputes.
There’s little chance that it will make any real military moves.”
Diao Yu Islands consist of five islets. In 1932, the Japanese
government sold four of them to private owners.
Currently these islands are owned by Kurihara’s family.
According to a BBC report, after the Tokyo government
announced it would purchase the four islets to protect Japan’s territory,
the Japanese government also contacted the owner in negotiating the trade,
which led to protests from the CCP government.