韓國峨山政策研究學會(Asan Institute for Policy Studies)會長咸在鳳(Hahm Chaibong)，他向《華爾街日報》表示，韓國仍在探索與中共的關係。
採訪/朱智善 編輯/陳潔 後製/陳建銘
Xi Visits South Korea to Show Beijing’s Discontent for North
The Chinese leader Xi Jinping will visit South Korea on July 3
Xi is the first CCP leader to visit South Korea
before going to North Korea.
Commentators say his decision shows Beijing’s displeasure
with North Korean leader Kim Jong-un and Beijing’s decision
to build closer relations with South Korea in order to weaken
U.S. influence in the Asia-Pacific region.
On June 27, the CCP Foreign Ministry announced in a
press conference that president Xi Jinping will conduct
a state visit to South Korea on July 3 and 4.
For the past 20 years, the CCP leaders have always visited
North Korea before South Korea.
Xi Jinping is breaking this convention.
The South Korean Blue House, the presidential office,
said in a statement Friday that Mr. Xi and Ms. Park will
“exchange opinions on cooperative ways
to deal with situations on the Korean peninsula
including the North Korean nuclear issue."
China is North Korea’s main ally,
aid provider, investor and trade partner.
Wall Street Journal quoted analysts saying, “Beijing’s frustration
at North Korean leader Kim Jong Un’s perceived unwillingness
to show due deference to China,” and “Beijing feels that it needs
to teach him a lesson and show who is the alpha male
in the relationship”.
Political commentator Wu Fan: “Kim Jong Un has taken office
for three years, but the CCP leader has not visited Pyongyang.
This visit to South Korea first shows that relations
between China and North Korea are in the rough.
Kim Jong-un is reluctant to be friendly with China,
and has even conducted nuclear tests near the Chinese border.
Rather than taking advice, Kim has threatened to fight
the US, Japan, the South Korea.
I think he is a curse of war.
Xi Jinping’s visit to South Korea first is a slap in Kim’s face."
On the morning of June 29, North Korea fired two short-range
ballistic missiles into seas east off its coast on Sunday.
The missiles, which flew about 500 km (310 miles),
appeared to be Scud class.
South Korean military officials say that North Korea launch
of the missiles prior to Xi Jinping’s visit to South Korea is
provocative and attention grabbing.
Hua Po, Beijing politics watcher: “Superficially, North Korea’s
missile tests tells Beijing that North Korea will not be submit
to China, and will act based on its own interests, and it shows
North Korea’s anger at the delay of a state visit
of North Korea to China.
At the deeper level, the test tells the U.S. and Japan its intention
to keep a good relation with them.
North Korea is at the brink of economic collapse,
and is in need of a lot of foreign aid."
Wall Street Journal reports that visits by Japan’s president
to shrines for war criminals, and his statements on Korean
“comfort women” have angered South Korea.
These “comfort women” were “forced to work in brothels
during Japan’s occupation of the Korean peninsula and its
expansion into China before and during World War II.”
Hua Po says Beijing is anxious to down play U.S. influence
in the Asia-Pacific region by exploiting tensions
between South Korea and Japan.
Hua Po: “The United States will return to Asia
by strengthening a strategic alliance with Japan, Korea,
Australia and ASEAN.
Beijing wants to exploit the historical and territorial disputes
between Japan and Korea so as to get closer
to South Korea and prevent South Korea from joining
the U.S. defense network in the Asia Pacific region."
WSJ reported that “Chinese academics and state media
have become more openly critical of North Korea
since its last nuclear test.
“Diplomats and experts who track the issue closely said there
has been no fundamental change in China’s policy toward North
Korea, which the Chinese military still sees as an essential
strategic buffer against U.S. forces in Asia.”
South Korean President Park Geun-hye is making relations
with China a top priority and paid a visit to Beijing last June.
WSJ says “She also made bilateral free-trade negotiations with Beijing
“While officials in Seoul stress strong ties with Beijing, they
are also wary of China’s more assertive behavior in the region.
“Seoul protested last year over Beijing’s establishment of an
air-defense zone that overlapped with South Korea’s
“Friction has also been generated by deadly clashes
between Chinese fishermen and the Korean coast guard
in waters close to the Korean coast.”
Seoul-based Yonhap reports that as of May 12 this year,
80 Chinese fishing boats have been detained for illegal fishing
and fined a total of $1.2 million.
President Hahm Chaibong of the Seoul-based think tank
Asan Institute for Policy Studies told WSJ that South Korea
is “still figuring out the relationship with China."
Edit/Zhuzisan Interview/Chenjie Post-Production/Chenjianmin