Communist China: The “One Country Two System” Is Dead
A Chinese Communist Party (CCP) white paper regarding Hong Kong which states the CCP holds “comprehensive jurisdiction” over Hong Kong, and that patriotism to China is the minimum political qualification in governing Hong Kong has provoked a strong reaction in Hong Kong. Critics believe ‘one country, two systems’ is dead. The white paper is the regime‘s showdown on the governance of Hong Kong. The universal suffrage in Hong Kong will fail.
The Chinese State Council released its white paper, “The practice of one country, two systems policy in Hong Kong” on June 10. It states that “the high degree of autonomy of the HKSAR is not full autonomy, nor a decentralized power.” The high degree of Hong Kong autonomy comes solely by “authorization” from the central leadership. It also requires judges and judicial officers to rule with patriotism.
This white paper triggered strong backlash in Hong Kong. A number of organizations burnt the white paper at Hong Kong’s Liaison Office in protest. They objected to the degredation of Hong Kong’s autonomy and a breach of promise to Hong Kongers in the white paper. They claimed no threat will deter their decision to fight for the nomination of civilians in power. Hong Kongers are encouraged to participate in an unofficial referendum on June 22 and the July 1 Hong Kong rally.
The Civic Party demanded that the Communist regime retract the white paper. A statement issued by the Hong Kong Bar Association criticizes the white paper’s reference to judges and judicial officers as “administrators” of Hong Kong, which misleads people to believe courts are associated with governmental organs.
Professor of Political Science, City University of Hong Kong, Joseph Cheng believes the white paper reveals the “one country” overwhelms the “two systems” and that it is a threat to Hong Kong’s autonomy. It is tantamount to announcing the autonomy no longer exists.
Joseph Cheng: “During negotiations before the handover of Hong Kong to China, Communist leaders stressed to the British the autonomy of Hong Kong. But, all it talks about now is the unitary state, the authority of the central leadership, and the interests of China."
The Epoch Times commentary points out the white paper is a disguised Hong Kong Basic Law Article 23—the anti-subversion law. The Chinese Communist Party (CCP) equates “patriotism” to “obedience to the Party”. In the eyes of the CCP, the candlelight vigil in commemoration of the June 4 Massacre, Occupy Central on June 22, and the July 1 rally are not acts of patriotism. The white paper serves to threaten, suppress and intimidate Hong Kong.
To commemorate the 25th anniversary of the June 4 Massacre, Hong Kong Alliance in Support of Patriotic Democratic Movements of China held a candlelight vigil with more than 180,000 participants. While joining hands, they demanded the vindication of the June 4 student movement and the end of the CCP.
Hong Kong writer Zhang Chengjue analyzes that the call for freedom by Hong Kongers has frightened the CCP. The CCP has thus manipulated the white paper in a showdown with Hong Kong.
Zhang Chengjue: “It sets a threshold for the Chief Executive elect. Beijing defines love for China and love for the Party as mandatory for candidates. That restricts all other options."
Benny Tai, promoter of the Occupy Central campaign, said that the more Beijing says no to the universal suffrage, the more Hong Kong people will say no to Beijing.
Zhang Chengjue believes the CCP has manipulated the white paper to intimidate and threaten Hong Kong prior to Occupy Central on June 22.
Zhang Chengjue: “In fact, we know the organizers of Occupy Central. They are clear about the peaceful and rational approach of the campaign. It is not about violence or unrest. But, Beijing considers civil disobedience as “subversion”, to the CCP or anti-China activity."
However, Zhang Chengjue points out that the CCP’s behavior will only lead to the disgust of more Hong Kongers. The white paper will wake up those who did not care about Occupy Central and move them to participate in the June 22 event.
Epoch Times commentary points out that the good social effect of Occupy Central could stimulate mainland Chinese to conduct a voluntary vote to denounce the CCP ruling and trigger political turmoil for the CCP.