【禁聞】國殤大饑荒 4500萬中國人死於非命

【新唐人2011年10月3日訊】在「十一」國殤日之際,《南方都市報》刊載了從大躍進到大饑荒的長篇紀實報導,記錄了那場餓死幾千萬人、甚至出現人吃人的慘絕人寰的災難。香港大學歷史系教授馮客剛出版的專著,對大饑荒死亡人數的研究結論是4500萬。而中共卻一直掩蓋它的罪惡和歷史真相。

馮客教授(Frank Dikotter)的新作《毛澤東的大饑荒–1958-1962年的中國浩劫史》中文版,9月29號由香港新世紀出版社發行。他指出,這場災難的真正規模一直鮮為人知。

1958年到1962年期間,毛澤東發動了全國「大躍進」運動,樹立「三面紅旗」,大煉鋼鐵「超英趕美」,鼓吹「人有多大膽,地有多大產」,大刮共產風,帶來了空前的經濟、政治和社會災難。

今年初出版的《中共黨史》第二卷中稱,根據國家統計局的數據,三年「自然災害」死亡人口是1000多萬。

知名中國經濟學家、北京天則經濟研究所理事長茅於軾表示,他做過這方面研究,非常懷疑這個1000萬的數據。

茅於軾(北京天則經濟研究所理事長):「共產黨的歷史裡說是人口減少1000萬,說餓死了1000萬人,這個說法非常幼稚。三年裡還出生了很多人,出生的人那麼多,還減了1000萬,那死了就不是1000萬了,這個道理很清楚嘛。」

《炎黃春秋》雜誌副社長楊繼繩在《墓碑:中國六十年代大饑荒紀實》一書中指出,1958年到1962年全國的氣候屬正常年景,而這期間中國餓死了3600萬人。

新華社退休高級記者楊繼繩的父親,就是在大饑荒中餓死的。還有報導這篇的新唐人記者李元翰的爺爺、奶奶也是在當時餓死的,臨死前吃樹皮草根、被絮裡的棉花裹腹。

馮客教授在新書中指出,根據公安部門當時的報告,以及大躍進最後幾個月中共內部報告顯示,當時至少有4500萬人非正常死亡,其中約6-8%死於酷刑或處決。

20多年前,原中國經濟體制改革研究所所長陳一咨根據趙紫陽指示,曾作過一次調查統計,得出的數字也是死亡4500萬人。

茅於軾:「絕對不是氣候造成的,由於謊報、說假話,畝產可以達到甚麼幾萬斤,包括錢學森那篇文章,說真話的都把他們關起來。特別是人民公社,取消了一家一戶自己做飯的權力,都去吃大食堂;煉鋼鐵的時候,大家都去煉鋼鐵了,你說農民怎麼會煉鋼鐵,那不是開玩笑嘛,但是把地裡的糧食都爛在地裡,沒有往回收,所以這是造成饑荒的原因。」

《南方都市報》9月28號以兩個版面發表了長篇報導《躍進過後是饑荒–川東三年「災害」紀實》。四川達州的朱全森說,在三年災害期間,當地出現過數十起人吃人的案例,全國很多地方都發生過。

當時的國家主席劉少奇曾在「七千人大會」後對毛澤東說:「餓死這麼多人,歷史上要寫上你我的,人相食,是要上書的。」

1961年,劉少奇在湖南農村考察44天後說,大饑荒的原因是「三分天災,七分人禍」,並要毛澤東公開檢討。為扭轉政治被動局面,毛澤東繼而發動了文化大革命,又造成十年浩劫。

茅於軾:「共產黨犯了一個空前的大錯誤,現在它不敢承認這個錯誤。其實這些錯誤也跟現在這些人沒關係,主要是毛澤東的錯誤,但現在這些人也還不敢批毛澤東。所以,你不總結過去,你怎麼能避免將來啊。」

馮客教授指出,這段歷史中死亡還不是最慘重的記憶,而是摧毀了中國人的精神和道德體系。人被統治者變成了工具,人和人之間為了生存丟掉了基本的倫理和文明。

楊繼繩認為,大饑荒其實是「一分天災,九分人禍」,大饑荒的禍根是中共集權制度,到現在基本的政治框架並沒有變。他指出,寫《墓碑》這本書,也是為造成大饑荒的制度立下一個墓碑。在當今中國,幾年內餓死幾千萬人的事應該很難再發生,但在仍是中共高度集權統治下的中國,出現其他大災難卻是難以避免的。

新唐人記者常春、李元翰、肖顏採訪報導。

45 Million Deaths In The Great Famine

On October 1, National Memorial Day, Southern
Metropolis Daily published a long documentary report

on the period of the Great Leap Forward to the Great Famine,
documenting the disaster of thousands being starved to death,

when even cannibalism occurred. Feng Ke,
a history professor at the University of Hong Kong,

recently published a monograph,
concluding famine deaths were 45 million.

As always, the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) has been
covering up its crimes and the historical truth.

Professor Feng Ke (Frank Dikotter)』s new book, “Mao
Zedong’s Great Famine:1958-1962 Catastrophe in China,"

was published on September 29, by HK New Century Press.
He points out that the true scale of the disaster is unknown.

From 1958 to 1962, Mao launched the Great Leap Forward.
He established the Three Red Flags, aimed to produce

more iron and steel than UK and US, boasted courage
of people would result in the same crop production.

He praised communism greatly, and brought unprecedented
economic, political and social disasters.

The CCP History Volume II published earlier this year states,
that according to the National Bureau of Statistics,

the three year 『natural disaster』
caused more than 10 million deaths.

Mao Yushi, a well-known Chinese economist,
chairman of Beijing Tianze Institute of Economics,

said he did research in this area,
and has doubts about the data of 10 million deaths.

Mao Yushi (chairman, Beijing Tianze Economics Institute):
“CCP』s history claims that the population was reduced

by 10 million, who starved to death, which is very naive.
A lot of people were born in these three years.

Adding them, if the population is still reduced by 10 million,
it is apparent that the deaths were more than 10 million."

In the book, “Tombstone: Documentary of China』s 1960s
Great Femine," Yanhuang Time magazine』s vice president

Yang Jisheng says that from 1958 to 1962 the climate was
normal, but 36 million Chinese still have starved to death.

The father of Yang Jisheng, a retired senior correspondent
of Xinhua Agency, had starved to death in the Great Famine.
NTD reporter Liyuan Han’s grandparents starved to death too.
Before dying, they ate bark, grass roots, and cotton in quilts.

Professor Feng Ke pointed out in his new book, according
to police reports at the time and CCP』s internal reports

in the last few months of the movement, there were at least
45 million unnatural deaths, 6-8% from torture or execution.

Chen Yizi, China’s Economic Reform Institute』 former head,
did a survey 20 years ago, as requested by Zhao Ziyang,

and also concluded that there were 45 million deaths
as a result of the Great Famine in China.

Mao Yushi:"It is definitely not caused by the climate, but by
fake reports』 lies that grain production achieved 5,000 kg/mu.

Like Qian Xuesen, people who told the truth were detained.

Plus, people’s communes ban families』 right to cook
at home and people were ordered to eat in a large dining hall.

For the refining of steel all were asked to make steel plants.
How could peasants know how to refine steel? It was a joke.

Their crops rotted in the field and nobody went
to harvest them. This is the cause of the famine."

Nanfang Urban Newspaper published a long,
two-page documentary on September 28,

titled, 『Famine Followed Leaping Forward
3-Year Disasters in Eastern Sichuan Province.』

Zhu Quansen in Dazhou, Sichuan said during the three-year
disaster, 10 cases of cannibalism happened locally.

Cannibalism also occurred in many parts of the country.

Former President Liu Shaoqi then told Chairman Mao
after the 『7,000 people meeting:』

“So many people have starved to death. You and I will
go in the history, cannibalism would be recorded in books."

In 1961, Liu Shaoqi audited rural Hunan Province for 44 days,
and said, the famine is “30% natural and 70% man-made.”

Liu also asked Mao to criticize himself publicly.

In order to get himself out of this situation, Mao launched
the Cultural Revolution causing another 10-years of disasters.

Mao Yushi: “The CCP made a big and unprecedented
mistake, but it did not dare to admit its fault.

These mistakes are not related to today』s CCP people,
but are mainly Mao’s mistakes. However, nowadays people

dare not criticize Mao Zedong. If you (CCP) do not consider
the past, how can you (CCP) avoid mistakes in the future?"

Prof. Feng Ke points out, in the Great Famine death was not
the worst; it destroyed people’s spiritual and moral values.

People became tools in the hands of the CCP rulers,
and the basic ethics and civility amongst people were lost.

Yang Jisheng believes that the Great Famine
is “10% natural, and 90% man-made."

The major cause of the famine is the Chinese totalitarian
regime, which has not changed.

He pointed out in the book – Tombstone also means to set
a tombstone for the system, that caused the Great Famine.

Today tens of millions may not starve to death in a few years,
but in the CCP-controled China, catastrophes are inevitable.

NTD reporters Chang Chun, Li Yuanhan and Xiao Yan.

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