Why Did CCP Stop Britain’s Push for Hong Kong Democracy?
Since the fake universal suffrage in Hong Kong was rejected,
the Chinese Communist Party’s (CCP) mouthpiece media
claimed that Britain never granted democracy to Hong Kong.
Historical data shows however, that the CCP had blocked
Hong Kong’s democratization by the British several times,
and even threatened to invade in full-scale to stop Britain
pushing forward with realizing democracy in Hong Kong.
The Occupy Central has been constantly attacked
by the CCP regime’s media.
There are even rumors that in the 155 years of British rule,
Hong Kong had never been free, and that the democracy
movement had been resolutely repressed by Britain.
Yet, all of Britain’s colonies have achieved full democracy
under the country’s rule, such as the United States, Canada,
Australia, Malaysia, Singapore, Pakistan, and India.
Declassified archives show the message relayed to the British
Prime Minister Harold Macmillan by the British delegation
conversation with premier Zhou Enlai on Jan. 30, 1958,
in which Zhou said, “China would regard any move towards
Dominion status as a very unfriendly act."
“China wishes the present colonial status of Hong Kong
to continue with no change whatever."
In 1960, Liao Chengzhi, China’s director of overseas Chinese
affairs told Hong Kong union representatives that China’s
leaders would “not hesitate to take positive action to have
Hong Kong, Kowloon and the New Territories liberated,"
if the British allowed self-governance.
China Affairs editor in chief, Chris Wu: “Britain left the system
of democracy in the colonies when they withdrew from
the Far East."
“The CCP said no to the democratization of Hong Kong
for fear of jeopardizing the autocracy of the mainland."
Voice of America commented that, what worried
the communist regime the most was that the democratic
rights of people will turn Hong Kong into an autonomous
region that’s independent from Britain.
Among the Hong Kongers, many of them were refugees
from the civil war, land reform period and the three-year Great
Famine; should they be entitled with votes, they will never
choose to return to the communist regime.
Liao Chengzhi had also said at the time that the CCP “never
recognized Hong Kong, Kowloon and the New Territories
as British territory, but the present status of Hong Kong
is to our benefit."
Chris Wu: “The CCP did not want Hong Kong, because it was
completely surrounded; Hong Kong was its only outlet."
“The returning of Hong Kong at that time meant the loss of
outlet for smuggling and trading through Hong Kong."
In the 1980s when the Treaty of Nanking was about to expire,
the return of Hong Kong became a reality issue.
The panicking Hong Kongers called it “the 97 deadline".
In September of 1982, Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher
visited China and proposed to return its sovereignty,
while the Brits remained the ruling power in Hong Kong.
But Deng Xiaoping rejected and claimed that Hong Kong
will become highly autonomous and self-ruling.
In December 1984, the Joint Declaration clarified the
“one country, two systems" principle to ensure Hong Kong’s
capitalist system for 50 years.
In April 1990, the CCP National People’s Congress
promulgated “Hong Kong’s Basic Law."
Britain also stepped up democratization in Hong Kong in 1992
with Governor Chris Patten quickly launching political reform
with hopes to expand the scope of elections and democratic
rights in Hong Kong before the reunification.
Yu Maochun, Prof. of Modern China and Military History,
US Naval Academy: “What is democracy? Under British rule,
Hong Kong had no democracy, but it did have freedom,
human rights, and rule of law."
“When the CCP disregarded the two systems and everything
had to follow the mainland, democracy became prominent."
“The Hong Kong people have lost confidence in the CCP;
the so-called ‘one country, two systems’ and the ‘return to
the motherland’, don’t make much sense now."
As for the democratic reform measures introduced by Patten,
the CCP was furious.
Lu Ping, then Director of the Hong Kong and Macau Affairs
Office of the State Council said that “Patten is a ‘sinner'"
Interview & edit/LiuHui post-production/GeLei